What is Dementia?
Dementia is considered as an umbrella term for a pathological and progressive decline in someone's cognitive functioning and memory, as well as many other abilities. Research to date suggests that while there are numerous different types of dementia, the most common type to affect individuals is Alzheimer's disease, with reports suggesting that 55% of people living with dementia in Scotland are thought to have Alzheimer's disease. Generally, research indicates that Alzheimer's is most common in people over the age of 70 years old, with further research demonstrating that it is rare to develop it when aged 60 or under.
What is the UK picture of ageing & dementia?
According to the Office of National Statistics (2012) the UK population is ageing and is also set to continue increasing over the next few decades. It is predicted that by 2035, within the UK, Scotland will have the highest median age, and within the UK it is projected that those aged 65 and over will account for 23 per cent of the population.